Review of research on parent training for parents with intellectual disability: Methodological issues

Author: Hur, J.
Year: 1997
Reference Type: Journal Article
Journal/Book Title: International Journal of Disability, Development and Education
Volume: 44
Issue: 2
Pages: 147-162
Abstract: A computerised search was conducted in May 1995. PsycLit and Eric databases (1974-1995 and 1965-1995, respectively) were conducted. A total of 27 references were listed under the topic of Parent Training Program for Parents with Intellectual Disability. However, the results of the review indicated that only one reference was pertinent which was on basic child care skills training for mothers with mean IQ 74 and the mothers who were regarded as having provided neglectful child care. Through personal communication, 10 studies on parent training programs for parents with intellectual disability were obtained and also reviewed. Eight studies applied single-subject design; two used quantitative methods; one used both single subject design and statistical analysis. Among the 10 studies, one was basic child-care skills training, two were decision-making in child rearing; five of them were safety and related topics, and three were concerned with mother-child interaction. A total of four studies included mothers with normal IQ as a comparison or to serve as a norm. As a whole, research in parent training programs for parents with intellectual disability is still in its infancy. Much more work needs to be done in the area of basic child care skills, comparative studies, identifying situational and subject characteristics for the best outcome of training, and programming to facilitate generalisation.

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