Parenting with intellectual disability in Germany: Results of a new nationwide study

Author: Pixa-Kettner, U.
Year: 2008
Reference Type: Journal Article
Journal/Book Title: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume: 21
Issue: 4
Pages: 315-319
Abstract: Background: A nationwide questionnaire survey conducted in Germany in 2005 found 1584 families headed by persons with intellectual disability with 2164 adults becoming parents between 1990 and 2005. Materials and Methods: In spite of a lower response rate and a more limited time frame compared with a previous study undertaken in the early 1990s, there was an increase of more than 40% both in the number of people with intellectual disability becoming parents and number of children born. Results: Thus, the new study confirms the trend from 1998 of a continually increasing number of parents with intellectual disability. The proportion of children living with at least one biological parent has increased from 40% to 57% since 1998. Younger children live more often with their parents than older children; however, half of children aged 12-15 years live with at least one biological parent. Conclusion: Parents who live without professional support seem to have better chances of living with their children than parents who draw on professional support. These findings require further clarification.

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