Relationship between stress, social support and parent-child interactions in mothers with intellectual disabilities

Author: Feldman, M.A.
Year: 2000
Reference Type: Journal Article
Journal/Book Title: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume: 44
Pages: 281-282
Abstract: Parents with intellectual disabilities appear to experience very high stress levels, but little is known about the factors which mitigate stress and its impact on parenting. The present study examined the relationships between parenting stress, social support and mother–child interactions in .. mothers with intellectual disabilities. All participants completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI), the Telleen Parent Social Support Index (Telleen) and the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL); the mother and child were observed in a ..-min play session if the child was less than . years old (n = ..). The mean PSI total stress score was over the eightieth percentile, indicating that most of these mothers were extremely stressed. Pearson correlation coefficients revealed that both the Telleen satisfaction scale and ISEL were significantly negatively correlated with the PSI total score. Social support satisfaction ratings were significantly positively correlated with positive maternal interactions. The size of the support network and ratings of support need were not significantly correlated with parenting stress, social support, size and need were not significantly correlated with parent–child interactions.The present study shows that mothers with intellectual disabilities experience high levels of stress, but their satisfaction with their social support network may mitigate the effects of stress and is related to positive mother–child interactions.

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